Sleep apnea, also known as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is a common condition that affects over 18 million people in the United States. There are two forms of obstruction: obstructive apnea and obstructive hypopnea. Obstructive apnea is complete obstruction of the airway. Obstructive hypopnea is characterized by slow, shallow breathing. Both conditions can cause one to wake up.
If sleep apnea is not treated, high blood pressure and other cardiovascular disease, memory problems, weight gain, impotency and headaches can occur.
The physicians at Middletown Cardiovascular Associates can accurately diagnose sleep apnea by performing a sleep study. A sleep study captures what happens to a person’s breathing while they sleep.
A Polysomnogram is the most common study for diagnosing sleep apnea. This test records:
- Brain activity
- Eye movement and other muscle activity
- Breathing and heart rate
- How much air moves in and out of the lungs while the patient is sleeping
- The amount of oxygen in the patient’s blood
Middletown Cardiovascular Associates has three state-of-the-art sleep study rooms.
A CPAP device is usually used to treat sleep apnea. Follow-up is always done to ensure patient understanding and compliance, so the best possible outcome for the patient is met.